5 Common Dental Diseases

5 Common Dental Diseases – We know that dentists advise us to brush our teeth at least two times a day as a part of maintaining good oral hygiene. But why is it given so much importance? We can provide an answer to that question.

You need to give equal importance to your oral health as you give to your overall health. It is necessary to have good oral hygiene to keep your mouth infection-free and to ensure that you face no problems related to your gums or teeth. There are several campaigns and free checkups carried out to educate people about the importance of oral health.

5 Common Dental Diseases – The Symptoms and Treatment

Some of the tips provided by them for maintaining oral health are as follows:
  • Brushing before going to bed: Brushing before bed can help you to get rid of any plaque that is accumulated during the entire day.
  • Brushing properly: Brushing properly is important as the wrong move can leave behind some of the germs in the mouth itself.
  • Focusing on the tongue as well: Properly cleaning the tongue is important to get rid of any plaque.
  • Using fluoride toothpaste: The right kind of brush can help you maintain your oral health.
  • Flossing: It is a difficult process but it removes germs that reside between your teeth. It should be adopted more from a dental health point of view.
  • Considering mouthwash: It can help to reduce the amount of acid in the mouth and can clean areas of the mouth that may not be accessible while brushing or flossing.

There are different specialized fields for a dentist to get certified in. The doctors that deal with oral health problems include Dentists, Orthodontists, Pediatric Dentists, Periodontist, Endodontist, Prosthodontist, and Oral Pathologist or Oral Surgeon.

Several conferences are held for dental hygiene around the world. Delhi is one such city where such conferences are periodically held. Dentists in South Delhi are often the ones that encourage and support such oral hygiene camps. Several other practicing pediatric dentists in Delhi support and promote the cause. Pediatric dentists are dentists for children whereas Orthodontists are dentists that have specialization in the field of alignment of teeth. There are several orthodontists in Gurgaon that can cater to people’s need for teeth alignment.

Dental illness can be a serious issue and if it is not looked after properly, it can lead to dental diseases. The dentists do their part by imparting knowledge but if we don’t take proper care, it can increase the risk of contracting a dental disease.

The 5 common dental diseases, along with their symptoms and treatment are highlighted below:

  1. Cavities: Also known as tooth decay, they are the permanently damaged areas of the tooth. They are caused by bacteria prevailing in the mouth, not properly cleaning the tooth and by frequently consuming sweet and sugary food items.

Symptoms for it include:

  • Toothache
  • Sensitivity
  • Holes in teeth
  • Staining on the surface of the tooth

Treatment for it includes:

  • Root Canals
  • Tooth Extractions
  • Crowns and Fillings
  • Fluoride Treatments
  • Gum disease (Gingivitis): It is the inflammation and bleeding of gums. It is caused by overlapping teeth, smoking, chewing tobacco, hormonal changes, stress, alcohol consumption, and many more.

Symptoms for it include:

  • Loose teeth or tooth loss
  • Swollen gums
  • Gums turning red in color
  • Bad taste in the mouth
  • White spots on the gums

Treatment for it includes:

  • Scaling
  • Root Planning
  • Deep Cleaning
  • Surgery
  • Periodontitis: It is the infection that occurs in gums and is caused by accumulated bacteria and germs in the mouth. They begin with Gingivitis and then evolve into Periodontitis.

Symptoms for it include:

  • Bad breath
  • Pus between gums
  • Swollen or bleeding gums

Treatment for it includes:

  • Root planning
  • Scaling
  • Flap surgery
  • Bone grafting
  • Cracked or broken teeth: It can occur from chewing hard foods or an injury to the mouth.

Symptoms for it include:

  • Swelling of gums
  • Sensitivity
  • Pain
  • Swollen or bleeding gums

Treatment for it includes:

  • Bonding
  • Crown
  • Root Canal
  • Extraction
  • Sensitive teeth: Tooth sensitivity can be temporary or permanent. It causes pain and discomfort while having any cold or hot foods/beverages. It can also be caused due to receding gums, cracked tooth, gum disease, and worn-down crowns and fillings.

Symptoms for it include:

  • Spontaneous tooth pain
  • Staining on the surface of the teeth
  • Pain while biting or chewing

Treatment for it includes:

  • Surgical gum graft
  • Root Canals
  • Bonding or Crowns
  • Fluoride gel/ Varnish

Some of the other faced dental problems include:

  • Hyperdontia
  • Gap between teeth
  • Grinding teeth
  • Wisdom teeth problems, etc.

All of these conditions can be avoided if proper care is taken. Effective care can save you from having dental procedures or surgeries. If a dental procedure has to be performed when there are special clinics like the dental implant clinic in Gurgaon that conduct most of the dental procedures and surgeries for their patients.

The pediatric dentists in Gurgaon impart dental knowledge to the kids that come to them for their checkups and dental issues. Doing so helps the kids to realize and understand the importance of dental health. It can also ensure that they develop a habit of maintaining good oral health. This will eventually benefit them in the long run.

People should make it a point to visit their family dentist regularly so that the issues related to oral health can be mitigated in the long run. It is also essential that people consume healthy food which causes less damage to the oral cavity. Frequent consumption of sugar-based products is detrimental to the teeth. Us as individuals must make sure to incorporate these preventive measures to limit oral health damage.

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