Dental health is an important part of your general health. Whatever your age, you can and should have healthy teeth. Correct dental care can help you keep your teeth healthy for a lifetime. The best way to look after your teeth and save money is to have regular six monthly check-up and cleanings at the dentist. This helps to avoid major dental treatments by finding and preventing problems before they progress.
Brushing, flossing, mouth rinses and diet are also an important aspect of having a healthy mouth.
General dentistry includes:
Dental health is an important part of your general health. Whatever your age, you can and should have healthy teeth. Correct dental care can help you keep your teeth healthy for a lifetime. Dentists recommend the procedure of deep cleaning of teeth, also called teeth scaling and root planing, for removal of plaque deposited at the gum pocket. It is the process by which your gums and teeth are kept healthy by professionally removing the infected deposits like plaque, calculus and stains from the tooth surfaces
Tooth decay is the process that results in a cavity (dental caries). It occurs when bacteria in your mouth make acids that eat away at a tooth. If not treated, tooth decay can cause pain, infection, and tooth loss.
You can easily prevent tooth decay by brushing and flossing your teeth regularly, seeing your dentist for teeth cleaning and checkups, and avoiding foods that is high in sugar content.
The combination of bacteria and food causes tooth decay. A clear, sticky substance called plaque that contains bacteria on your teeth and gums. As the bacteria feed on the sugars in the food you eat, they make acids. The acids attack the teeth resulting in tooth decay.
Tooth decay usually does not cause symptoms until you have a cavity or an infected tooth. When this occurs, a toothache is the most common symptom. Only your dentist can tell for sure whether you have a cavity.
Root canal treatment is the removal of the tooth's pulp, a small, thread-like tissue in the center of the tooth. There are two main reasons why Root canal treatment is needed.
There are two main reasons why Root canal treatment is needed. The first is infection. An untreated cavity is a common cause of pulp infection. The pulp that can't be fixed is the second reason for a root canal treatment. A fracture in a tooth can also damage the pulp.
The most common causes of pulp damage or death are:
Once the pulp is infected or dead, if left untreated, pus can build up at the root tip in the jawbone, forming an abscess. An abscess can destroy the bone surrounding the tooth and cause pain
If you have an infection of the pulp, you may not feel any pain at first. But if it is not treated, the infection will cause pain and swelling. In some cases, an abscess will form. You may need a root canal if:
Root canal treatment consists of several steps that take place over several office visits, depending on the situation. These steps are:
Sometimes when there has been long standing infection or abscess, there may be some soreness associated with the root canal visit. If this should turn out to be true, you will be given specific instructions to follow to minimize the discomfort. When an infection is present, it may be necessary to take an antibiotic. If pain should be present, analgesics may need to be prescribed.
The tooth will then possibly need a post and core and a crown in order to re-establish normal form and function. This decision will be based upon several additional factors.
A tooth that is severely damaged may need to be removed. Removing a tooth is necessary when decay or an abscessed tooth is so severe that no other treatment will cure the infection.
Your dentist diagnoses the need for tooth extraction by:
Before a tooth is removed, your dentist will thoroughly review your medical and dental history and take the appropriate X-rays.
X-rays reveal the length, shape, and position of the tooth and surrounding bone. From this information, your dentist can estimate the degree of difficulty of the procedure and decide whether to refer you to a specialist called an oral surgeon.